Precautionary Measures For The Upcoming Heat Wave 

Dr Rida Qamar 05:07 PM, 12 May, 2022
Precautionary Measures For The Upcoming Heat Wave 

An intense heat wave in different parts of the country is expected to hit from May 11. The long and harsh summer is set to take a toll, and health experts have warned the public about the preventive measures.

Heat waves are known to be fatal and can trigger a myriad of health problems. Loss of consciousness and high-grade fever are amongst the most common symptoms.

In light of the upcoming heat wave situation, we discuss preventive measures to help you prevent developing any complications. Here are a few ways to take better care amidst the upcoming heat wave.

Stay Hydrated

Sweat tends to increase during hot and humid weather and can result in increased water loss. The water loss needs to be compensated with increased water intake. Please keep away from drinking hot drinks and caffeine, which also contribute to water loss. According to the doctors, mild cold water is the safest option to consume as ice-cold water tends to cause stomach problems. People working outdoors in the labour industry can minimise water loss by cooling themselves with cold water towels. Ensure to cover your head with an umbrella and a hat so that the undeviating sun rays do not affect the skin and eyes directly.

Avoid Going Outdoors 

Minimising outdoor activity is the safest option to prevent yourself from an episode of heatstroke. However, working individuals cannot stay at home, and those working in outdoor environments are at increased risk of developing the condition. For those working outdoors, minimising strenuous activity can help lower the chances of heatstroke. In case of light-headedness or irritability, try to take a small break until your body cools down. Ensure to check in with your co-workers and always be ready for an emergency.

Protection for Increased Risk Individuals

Increased risk Individuals include

● Outdoor working labour

● Older adults

● Sick Individuals

● Infants

People at increased risk are advised to get regular check-ins for any signs of heat exhaustion—checkout for symptoms including confusion, slurred speech, lack of sweating, and fatigue. According to the experts, elderly and young children must be examined for signs of exhaustion at least twice a day. For sick individuals, adequate diet and on-time medication must be essential to prevent heatstroke related complications.

Cover Appropriately

Light, breathable fabric clothes are your best bet for the humid weather. Moisture-wicking clothes are a good option if you are working outdoors. Domestic workers who need to travel from place to place must protect the exposed skin surface. Try to take the bus instead of walking as it can minimise chances of exhaustion.

Heatstroke is a medical emergency and must be given prompt attention if signs are evident. In cases when the person is not well, take immediate measures to maintain the body temperature. In extreme conditions, the body temperature can rise to 106 degrees Fahrenheit or higher within 10 to 15 minutes, and heatstroke can cause death or permanent disability.

Dr Rida Qamar

The author is contributing writer at Medical News Pakistan and can be reached at



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