Diet is likely to become a significant line of treatment for certain diseases Conditions such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. An association between healthy bacterial compositions and certain dietary groups suggests that. Gut microbiota is described as the microorganisms affecting our gut. They influence nutrients absorption from our food, our immune defenses and even mood changes.
There effects on human body includes blood pressure, aging process, and development of depression. So, healthiness of gut is important for overall physical mental and health. These researches were compiled by the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) in the Netherlands. The research team found 61 individual food items that they associated with 123 bacterial taxa and 249 molecular pathways, and they found 49 correlations between food patterns and microbial groups.
Using shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis, the research team divided the food patterns into the groups of Plant based diet, Plant protein, Animal protein, Low fat fermented dairy, Mediterranean dietary pattern, bread and legumes plus fish and nuts, Meat, potatoes, and gravy plus sweets, sugar, fast food, and soft drinks. The study found that diet of greater vegetable and legume intake than animal protein is beneficial with the gut system. They also linked the intake of red wine, legumes, vegetables, fruits, cereals, fish, and nuts with higher levels of anti-inflammatory bacteria. Short chain fatty acids (SCFA) produced by bacterial fermentation were present in high levels in plant based diets. This has several beneficial effects on the metabolism. Low levels of SCFAs ie in patients of ulcerative colitis causes inflammatory conditions of the intestines
In contrast, certain foods could exert mucosal protection by inducing bacteria with anti-inflammatory properties. This causes lower levels of beneficial bacteria and higher levels of inflammatory markers. These foods included a red meat, fast foods, and refined sugars.
The idea that the diet can be modulated by the gut microbe is strengthened by this research.