Karachi: The inaugural session of the 5th AKU Annual Surgical Conference titled ‘Trauma: Striving for Change’ was recently organized by the Department of Surgery at the Aga Khan University in Karachi, offers unparalleled hands-on and didactic learning opportunities, timely discourse on the most relevant surgical practices and research, and networking with peers.
AKU’s Annual Surgical Conference brought together national and international experts with expertise in pre-hospital care, mass casualty, rehabilitation, prevention and disaster management. The panel consisted of Professor Syed Ather Enam, chair of the Department of Surgery at AKU, Hasan Badre Alam, a professor of surgery at the University of Michigan and Eileen Bulger, a professor of surgery at the University of Washington. AKU Vice Provost Anjum Halai, Medical College Dean Adil Haider and chair of the event’s organising committee Hasnain Zafar also spoke at the conference
The experts shared that thousands of injury deaths every year in Pakistan can be averted by taking safety measures on one side and by adopting a systematic approach to improve trauma care on the other. A systematic approach would ensure that life-saving interventions should be performed in a timely manner so that no life-threatening conditions were missed, speakers at the event noted.
The speakers highlighted that as per World Health Organization-WHO guidelines, such an approach could consist of emergency care in the form of first aid being provided by a trained bystander, who can also call an ambulance – equipped with necessary life support and at least two personnel – one to monitor and manage the patient and the other to drive.
Ambulance personnel should be able to communicate to a relevant hospital prior to arrival, if needed. During the handover, the ambulance provider should share critical information with hospital personnel, who then triage patients to different areas based on the seriousness of their condition, as per experts.
Research from the conference was published in a special supplement of the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. During the event, Professor Syed Ather Enam, referred to a case report of a two and half-year old boy, who sustained three gunshots at point-blank range. The child was unresponsive when the terrified family brought him to the emergency department of the Aga Khan University Hospital after trying two nearby hospitals. When the patient did not respond to initial resuscitation efforts, a team of paediatric, cardiothoracic and orthopaedic surgery, and paediatric anesthesiology specialists was taken on board and he was moved to the operating room immediately.
“Today, he is a healthy four-and-a-half-year old school going child. There could be thousands of people who were not lucky like him. That’s because our hospitals lack multidisciplinary teams of specialists and the emergency care system as a whole is short of fully equipped ambulances and trained bystanders,” Professor Enam said.
“Since blood loss is the leading cause of preventable death following injury, rapid control of bleeding at the scene of an event can be lifesaving, especially if bystanders can step in to help before emergency responders arrive,” said Eileen Bulger.
Later, on the second day of the conference, AKU’s upcoming Centre of Excellence for Trauma and Emergencies, and partners would launch a national life-saving initiative focused on bystander training in life support.
Hasan Badre Alam stated, “Emergency care is essential to many targets of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Under SDG 3, good health and wellbeing: Post-crash emergency care and rehabilitation has been estimated to play a role in preventing 40 per cent of road traffic deaths. Also, timely emergency care access is critical to effective universal health coverage.”
“Emergency care could also contribute to efforts to achieve targets under 10 more SDGs by addressing non-communicable diseases, obstetric complications, child health issues, and injuries related to disasters and violence,” informed Hasan Badre Alam.